In May 1781, the Virginia Assembly passed an act addressing the needs of those of its citizens who were living on the western frontier (mostly Kentucky) and were too poor to pay for a tract of land. Under that act, the Jefferson County Court granted 400 acres to Thomas Collins, and Ben Patton surveyed a tract of land near the head of Wilson's Creek for Collins on 15 Feb 1783. Two years later, Collins signed the rights to that tract over to Samuel Pearman, as shown on the back of the original survey. Pearman received his deed to the land on 20 Sep 1786.
Surveyed for Thomas Collins 400 acres of land in Jefferson County by virtue of a certificate from the County Court of Jefferson County pursuant to an Act of Assembly granting 400 acres of land to the poor inhabitants on the western frontier, lying on Wilson's Creek about a mile from the head thereof. Beginning at two poplars and running N 10° E 135 poles to a honey locust, sugar, and mulberry, then N 80° W 165 poles to three white oaks, S 35° W 178 poles to an ash and elm, then S 20° E 106 poles to two sugar trees, then S 70° W 105 poles to two white oaks, then S 20° E 154 poles to two white oaks, then N 53° E 365 poles to the beginning. Feby 15th 1783. Ben Patton, surveyor
Virginia Grant Book 10, page 348
Patrick Henry Esquire, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, to all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Know ye that by virtue of a certificate in right of settlement from the County Court of Jefferson County & in consideration of an act of General Assembly passed at the session held in the month of May 1781 entitled "An act for the relief of certain persons now resident on the western frontier" there is granted by the said Commonwealth unto Samuel Pearman, assignee of Thomas Collins a certain track or parcel of land containing 400 acres by survey bearing date the 15th day of February 1783, lying and being in the county of Jefferson on Wilson Creek, about a mile from the head thereof and bounded as followeth, to wit. Beginning at two poplars and running North 10° East 135 poles to a honey locust, sugar, and mulberry, then North 80° West 165 poles to three white oaks, South 35° West 178 poles to an ash and elm, then South 20° East 106 poles to two sugar trees, then South 70° West 105 poles to two white oaks, thence South 20° East 154 poles to two white oaks, then North 53° East 365 poles to the beginning with its appurtenances to have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with its appurtenances to the said Samuel Pearman & his heirs forever. In witness whereof the said Patrick Henry Esquire, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, hath hereunto set his hand and caused the lesser seal of the said Commonwealth to be affixed at Richmond on the 20th day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty six, and of the Commonwealth the eleventh. (signed) Patrick Henry
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